Lower Providence: Basic Info

Lower Providence, PA-Indian Ruins

Lets visit North West New Mexico's Chaco Canyon National Park from Lower Providence, PA. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an stream that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the right time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach forests that are coniferous the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and returned to the canyon to transport all of them. It had been a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to move and more than 200 000 trees were made use of in building the three-century old great houses and great kivas. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast linked land that offered rise to Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built with the same brick design and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an area of Colorado Plateau which was bigger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to connect these communities to each various other by leveling and digging the floor, and brick that is sometimes adding or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the large canyon buildings and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Even though steep forms that are common in South West America, i.e. mesas or buttes, crossed their streets, Chacoans kept the relative lines of the streets instead of building ramps or stairs on the faces. This strategy has a significant drawback. The roads tend to be not yet determined and may be difficult traveling by foot (9 meters) therefore they may serve some symbolic or purpose that is spiritual such as leading pilgrims to rituals and other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication between neighboring houses and distant places, large buildings were placed in direct line of sight. Shrines at the tops of the mesas allowed for quicker signalling. Fajada Butte is a presence that is prominent Chaco Canyon. To give structure and connection to the Chacoan ecosystem, it is common to align buildings with key seasons like solstices and equinoxes. The wall at the Plaza of the Pueblo Bonito's magnificent Plaza is, for example, oriented to the north and east. It is also located to the west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a large, 19m-diameter kiva located in the Canyon. It has two T-shaped doors that run along the north-south line and two external doorways. The outdoors doors are oriented to the east and west so the rising sun can only pass through them on the day they are equinox.

The average household size in Lower Providence, PA is 3.21 household members, with 73.8% owning their particular residences. The average home cost is $339397. For people paying rent, they spend on average $1345 per month. 57.2% of households have two incomes, and a median household income of $97670. Median individual income is $45335. 4.1% of town residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 10.1% are disabled. 8.4% of citizens are veterans associated with the armed forces of the United States.

Lower Providence, PA is found in Montgomery county, and has a community of 26650, and is part of the greater Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metropolitan region. The median age is 40.1, with 10.9% for the populace under ten years old, 12.1% between ten-19 years old, 13.3% of citizens in their 20’s, 13.7% in their thirties, 11.9% in their 40’s, 15.6% in their 50’s, 10.2% in their 60’s, 5.9% in their 70’s, and 6.5% age 80 or older. 52% of residents are male, 48% female. 53.3% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 6.7% divorced and 33% never wedded. The percent of people confirmed as widowed is 7%.