Fundamental Data: Ithaca

Let Us Go Visit Chaco (New Mexico) From

Ithaca, NY

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park in NM, USA from Ithaca. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (intermittently running stream) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches, as well as natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber sources, which were needed to create roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended length of time to minimize fat, before returning and transporting them straight back to the canyon. This was no undertaking that is easy given that each tree would have taken a team of workers several days to transport, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized in the building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites over three centuries. Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Despite the fact that Chaco Canyon had a density of construction never seen previously in the region, the canyon was just a tiny part of a huge linked territory that created Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large homes and kivas that is magnificent in the same distinctive brick style and design as those found inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although the majority of these sites were found in the San Juan Basin, a stretch was covered by them of the Colorado Plateau higher than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the underlying ground and, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads often began at large buildings inside the canyon and beyond, and then radiate outward in amazingly straight parts.   Some locations seem to have operated as observatories, enabling Chacoans to trace the sun's passage ahead of each solstice and equinox, knowledge perhaps employed in agricultural and planning that is ceremonial. Arguably the most renowned of these are the "Sun Dagger" petroglyphs (rock pictures formed by cutting or the like) situated near Fajada Butte, a large, solitary landform at the canyon's eastern entrance. Two spiral petroglyphs occur at the summit, either bisected or framed by sunlight shafts ("daggers") flowing through three granite slabs in front for the spirals on the day of each solstice and equinox. Additional evidence of Chacoans' cosmic awareness comes in the shape of many pictographs (rock pictures formed by painting or the like) situated on a canyon wall portion. One pictogram is a star presumably depicting a 1054 CE supernova, a conference that would were brilliant enough to be seen for an lengthy time throughout the day. The near placement of another crescent moon pictogram gives this idea credence, since the moon was in its waning crescent phase and looked close to the supernova in the sky at its top brightness.  

Ithaca, New York is located in Tompkins county, and has a populace of 55137, and is part of the higher Ithaca-Cortland, NY metropolitan region. The median age is 21.9, with 3.7% of the population under ten years old, 23.8% between 10-nineteen years of age, 43.3% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 8.7% in their 30's, 6.1% in their 40’s, 5.7% in their 50’s, 4.1% in their 60’s, 2.4% in their 70’s, and 2.2% age 80 or older. 50.1% of town residents are men, 49.9% female. 17.1% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 5% divorced and 76.3% never wedded. The percent of women and men recognized as widowed is 1.7%.

The labor force participation rate in Ithaca is 52.4%, with an unemployment rate of 4.8%. For anyone within the work force, the average commute time is 17.6 minutes. 40% of Ithaca’s residents have a grad diploma, and 26.9% have earned a bachelors degree. For all without a college degree, 13.4% attended some college, 14.4% have a high school diploma, and only 5.2% have an education significantly less than senior high school. 3.4% are not included in medical insurance.

The average family unit size in Ithaca, NY is 2.79 family members, with 25.8% being the owner of their own residences. The average home value is $234331. For those paying rent, they pay an average of $1203 monthly. 59.9% of families have dual sources of income, and an average domestic income of $34424. Average income is $15522. 39.2% of town residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 7.3% are disabled. 1.9% of residents are veterans associated with the US military.