Vital Data: Huntington

Huntington, West Virginia-Chaco Valley

Lets visit Chaco Park in NW New Mexico from Huntington, West Virginia. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In addition to sandstone that is natural, precipitation was gathered in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff via a system of ditches was channeled. Timber sources essential to build roofs and higher stories were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished owing to drought or deforestation during the Chacoan fluorescence. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers by foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, chopping down trees then peeling and letting them dry for an extended time to minimize weight before returning to the canyon. This was no minor feat given that hauling each tree would entail a multi-day travel by a group of men and women and that throughout 200,000 trees were utilized during the three centuries of building and upkeep for the about twelve large house and large kiva sites inside the canyon. Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was merely a tiny portion placed at the heart of a wide linked territory that created the Chacoan civilisation while Chaco Canyon held a high density of unprecedented scale building in the region. More than 200 settlements with large buildings and large kivas employing the same characteristic brick style and architecture that existed outside the canyon, although on a lesser scale. Although these sites were most abundant inside the San Juan Basin, they spanned a stretch of the Colorado Plateau greater than England. To assist connect these settlements to the canyon and to each other, Chacoans built an complex road system by digging and leveling the underlying land, sometimes adding clay or stone curbs for support. These roads usually developed in large canyon homes and beyond, extending outward in astonishingly straight parts.   Even whenever steep landforms prevalent in the American Southwest (e.g., mesas and buttes) crossed their route, Chacoans preserved the linearity of these roadways by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Considering the tremendous difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were constructed wider than necessary for foot transit (many were 9 meters broad), it is probable that the roads had a largely symbolic or spiritual role, leading pilgrims journeying to rites or any other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication, certain great homes were positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for the signaling of other houses and distant areas by fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte has a commanding position in Chaco Canyon. The widespread practice of aligning structures and roadways with the cardinal directions and the positions of the sun and moon at critical seasons such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. The wall that is front the wall separating the plaza of the fantastic house Pueblo Bonito, for example, are oriented east-west and north-south, respectively, whereas the location is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a 19-meter-diameter grand kiva inside the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors arranged along a north-south axis and two outside doors oriented east-west, through which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given restoration work done in the canyon).  

The typical household size in Huntington, WV is 3.18 family members, with 51% being the owner of their particular domiciles. The average home value is $99406. For those leasing, they pay an average of $712 monthly. 37.4% of families have 2 sources of income, and a median household income of $31162. Average income is $18393. 32.3% of inhabitants exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 19.1% are disabled. 7.3% of citizens are veterans of this military.

The labor pool participation rate in Huntington is 50.7%, with an unemployment rate of 6.8%. For those located in the work force, the typical commute time is 18 minutes. 11.9% of Huntington’s residents have a graduate diploma, and 15.4% posses a bachelors degree. For those without a college degree, 29.7% attended at least some college, 30.4% have a high school diploma, and just 12.6% have an education lower than high school. 8.9% are not included in medical insurance.