Bettendorf, IA: Basic Info

Bettendorf-Chetro Ketl

Lets visit Northwest New Mexico's Chaco National Monument from Bettendorf, IA. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater accumulated in the Chaco Wash was kept in the Chaco arroyo, an river that is intermittently flowing along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and floors that are top but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach forests that are coniferous and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a task that is difficult each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also needed seriously to construct and repair a total of ten houses that are large kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a section that is small of is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a section that is tiny of canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the same style as the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and brick that is adding earthen curves to connect them to each other. The roads ran incredibly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to preserve the straightness of the roadways, even if the terrains that are steep in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other mountainous landforms, crossed their path. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not obvious to their destinations, some roads were much wider than needed for foot transit (9 meters wide) it seems likely that these roads played a symbolic or function that is spiritual leading pilgrims to other events or rites. Certain great houses were put within a line of sight from each other and nearby shrines. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant places by sunlight representation or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roads and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon during critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes and lunar standsstills has been a practice that is common Chacoan culture. This added structure to the environment. For example, the front wall of Pueblo Bonito's great house is oriented north-south and east-west, while the actual location of Chetro Ketl is west. Casa Rinconada is a kiva that is grand of meters in diameter, located inside the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a line that is north-south two external doors that face east. The sun that is rising pass through these doorways only when the canyon is available for repair.

The average household size in Bettendorf, IA is 3.13 household members, with 75.1% being the owner of their very own houses. The mean home value is $226587. For people paying rent, they pay out an average of $914 monthly. 60.2% of households have 2 sources of income, and a median domestic income of $82153. Median income is $42069. 6.1% of residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 8.3% are handicapped. 10.2% of citizens are veterans of the US military.