Fundamental Numbers: Commerce City, CO

Commerce City, Colorado-Acoma Pueblo

Lets visit Chaco Canyon Park in New Mexico, USA from Commerce City, CO. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In addition to sandstone that is natural, precipitation was caught of wells and dammed places in the arroyo (a running stream) which sculpted the canyon, chaco wash, and ruined by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were essential for the building of the roofs and top levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished during the Chacoan fluorescence owing to deforestation and drought. As a consequence, Chacoans trekked 80 kilometers on base to southern and western coniferous woods, chopping down trees then peeling and letting them dry for a time that is long before returning and transporting them all back to the canyon. That is no undertaking that is minor the hauling of each tree took a team of workers for many times and during the three 100 years of building and repairing of this about twelve huge home and huge kiva sites within the canyon eaten throughout 200,000 trees. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Although the Chaco Canyon included a large architectural density never seen previously in the area, the canyon was a tiny part in the heart of a wide linked area forming the civilisation of Chaco. Almost 200 settlements with large homes and kivas with the same style that is characteristic architecture as those who work in the canyon existed beyond the canyon, but on a lesser scale. While those internet sites were more frequent in the San Juan Basin, they comprised a wider region of the Colorado Plateau compared to the English area. In order to aid to connect these settlements to the canyon and to each other, Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways by digging and leveling the ground below, some adding steel or steel storage bays for support. These roads were regularly seen in large residences in the beyond and canyon and radiated amazingly straight.   Chacoans preserved the linearity of these roadways even when steep features characteristic to the American Southwest (e.g. mesas and buttes) crossed their course, opting to build stairs or ramps on cliff sides. Due to the significant difficulty of such an approach, along with the fact that several roads did not have visible destinations and were constructed larger than necessary for passage by foot (many were 9 meters wide), it is conceivable that the roads had a purely symbolic or spiritual role, an entry of sorts to large buildings, directing pilgrims going to rites or other meetings. To promote faster communication, certain large homes were positioned in line with every other's sight and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for notifying other houses and remote areas fire that is using sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte is a prominence at Chaco Canyon. Giving more structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment was the prevalent practice of aligning buildings and roadways with cardinal instructions and sun and moon positions at important seasons such as solstices, equinoxes and lunar standstills. For instance, the wall that is front wall separating the large home Pueblo Bonito square are positioned east-west and north-south correspondingly, whereas the location is situated just west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a large kiva that is 19-meter-diameter in the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors set along a north-south axis and two external doors oriented east-west, by which the light of the rising sun flows directly on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given the restoration work that took place in the canyon).  

The typical family unit size in Commerce City, CO is 3.84 residential members, with 74% owning their very own houses. The mean home value is $315881. For people paying rent, they pay an average of $1286 per month. 63.6% of homes have 2 sources of income, and an average household income of $77065. Average income is $35396. 11.6% of inhabitants exist at or below the poverty line, and 9.6% are handicapped. 7% of inhabitants are veterans of this US military.

Commerce City, Colorado is located in Adams county, and includes a community of 60336, and rests within the greater Denver-Aurora, CO metropolitan region. The median age is 31.6, with 18.8% regarding the populace under 10 years old, 16.6% are between 10-nineteen years old, 11.9% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 17.8% in their 30's, 13.2% in their 40’s, 10.6% in their 50’s, 6.6% in their 60’s, 3.3% in their 70’s, and 1.3% age 80 or older. 50.1% of citizens are male, 49.9% women. 53.8% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 12.4% divorced and 30.6% never wedded. The percent of citizens identified as widowed is 3.2%.

The labor force participation rate in Commerce City is 72.8%, with an unemployment rate of 4.4%. For people in the work force, the typical commute time is 30.3 minutes. 6.8% of Commerce City’s population have a masters degree, and 15.3% have a bachelors degree. For all those without a college degree, 30% have at least some college, 29.4% have a high school diploma, and just 18.6% possess an education less than high school. 8.8% are not covered by health insurance.