Now, Let's Give Bethany, Oklahoma Some Pondering

The average household size in Bethany, OK is 3.23 household members, with 55.4% being the owner of their very own houses. The mean home value is $119382. For those people leasing, they pay an average of $855 monthly. 50.3% of households have dual sources of income, and an average domestic income of $50867. Average income is $30189. 12.7% of town residents exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 18.3% are disabled. 8.7% of residents are former members associated with US military.

Bethany, Oklahoma is situated in Oklahoma county, and includes a community of 19221, and exists within the more Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK metro area. The median age is 35, with 12.9% for the populace under 10 years of age, 15.8% are between ten-19 years old, 14% of town residents in their 20’s, 12.7% in their thirties, 9.9% in their 40’s, 11.3% in their 50’s, 9.9% in their 60’s, 6.9% in their 70’s, and 6.4% age 80 or older. 50.8% of town residents are men, 49.2% female. 42.7% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 15.8% divorced and 33.8% never married. The percent of people recognized as widowed is 7.7%.

The labor force participation rate in Bethany is 64.6%, with an unemployment rate of 5%. For many located in the work force, the typical commute time is 21.5 minutes. 7.9% of Bethany’s community have a graduate degree, and 17.4% have earned a bachelors degree. Among those without a college degree, 34.7% have at least some college, 29.2% have a high school diploma, and just 10.9% have received an education not as much as high school. 11.9% are not included in medical insurance.

The Exciting Tale Of Chaco National Monument In NW New Mexico, USA

Lets visit Northwest New Mexico's Chaco National Monument from Bethany. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an creek that is intermittently running that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the building of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished around the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an effect, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods towards the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, provided that hauling each tree would have taken a multi-day travel by a team of folks, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized throughout the three centuries of building and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen significant great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape While Chaco Canyon had a higher density of construction on a scale never seen previously in the area, it had been merely a tiny component in the heart of a wide linked area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic stone style and design as those discovered within the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although these sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an area of the Colorado Plateau greater than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the underlying ground and, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for assistance. These roads frequently began at huge buildings inside and beyond the canyon, expanding outward in wonderfully straight parts.   Cacao's existence shows the migration of ideas from Mesoamerica to Chaco, not just of material items. Cacao was praised by the Mayan civilisation, which used it to create drinks frothed in jars before partaking in highly restricted rites. On the potsherds of the canyon, perhaps of high cypressed jars, which are located in nearby sets and in comparable shape to those of the Mayan rites, traces of cocoa residue were identified. Many such outrageous products probably played a ceremonial role, as well as cacao. In addition to ritual artifacts - carved wooden wands, flutes and animal images - they were mainly located in large buildings, in massive amounts, in storehouses and funeral rooms. One room was unearthed at Pueblo Bonito alone to hold more than 50,000 Turquoise pieces, another 4,000 jets and fourteen macaw skeletons. Tree ring data collections show that house that is big came to an end. The drought began in the San Juan Basin for 50 years around 1130 CE. With Chaco residing already on a questionable footing during the common rain, prolonged dryness would have stressed resources and would trigger a civilization decline and exodus from the canyon and many outskirts, which terminated in the centre associated with the century that is 13th. Proof that large houses were sealed off and kivas that is large shows that this transition might be spiritually accepted in the circumstances — a prospect more prominent because of the vital component of migration in the origins of Puebloans.